14th Century: French History

So the 14th century, (if you’re interest I have an article about the 13th century that you could check out) Anyway France! Pretty nice place if you avoided the people and going outside, sorry as an Englishmen I am forced to at least a sentence but how France is worse than England. And that’s quite an accomplishment, believe me I know, I have to live in England. The 14th century wasn’t a great century for France as well as going through seven kings in the course of the century, they were locked in war with the English and the Flemish.  The Flemish were the county of Flanders who had stayed separated from direct rule from the kingdom of France for many years. However, in 1285 when King Phillip the fourth tried to strength his control over the county which lead to them siding with the English before peace was called in 1305 with the County of Flanders gaining independence. However, this had all cost the French dearly especially the massacre in Bruges which led to the death of over 2000 thousand French, all due to wool imports from English. See when you look at wars throughout history it does make countries look like huge toddlers with machine guns who just don’t want to share their toys. I mean, it probably made sense at the time but you know it’s nice to think on.

Back to the seven Kings of France. Surprisingly even though France was engaged in battle, none of the kings died on the battlefield, most dying of illness. The death of Charles IV even started the hundred years’ war, which lasted 116 years, as Edward III claimed to have right to the throne rather than Phillip VI. And this is why science and medico is important, without it we end up having mathematically incorrect wars.

Despite Kings dropping like fly French architecture was thriving. There’s a jarring transition but I wanted to talk about Gothic architecture, or as it was known at the time French work. Its characteristics include the pointed arch, the ribbed vault and the flying buttress. Gothic architecture is most familiar as the architecture of many of the great cathedrals, abbeys and churches of Europe. Including The Cathedral of Saint Peter of Beauvais in northern France which at the time was one of the highest buildings in the world, standing at 48 metres tall.


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