17th Century: Medicine and Inventions

An exciting century the 17th century must have been for Britain. Not only was Scotland and England finally were fused one under the rule of James I in England, who took the throne after Elizabeth I died as she left no heir to England but tea was brought to England. Tea! A staple symbol of England wasn’t introduced until four centuries ago, shocking to think of a time before tea. Also Civil war broke out between the king and the supporters of parliament from 1642 to 1651 ultimately ending with the king being killed by beheading and his oldest son Charles II fleeing to France. The conflict started due to the King trying to have power above parliament and parliament fighting back by passing laws that ultimately restricted all power he had. After the war England was finally a republic led by the Puritan Oliver Cromwell. However, this did not last long as nine years later Charles II is crowned king in 1660, just in time for the great fire of London.

Not only was it an exciting century historically, great advances were made in medicine. While science was still inhibited by ideas about the body that had been around since the time of the Greeks they were being to question traditional ideas. With the help of the microscope invented at the end of the 16th century cells were discovered and so was bacteria, though Antoine van Leeuwenhock, the discoverer did not think they caused disease. More was being found out about the heart, it was discovered that it worked as a pump and heart rate was invented. As well as this, blood transfusions were first done and surprisingly the first submarine was invented in 1620, and yet I still don’t have my hover board.

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